The use of CCTV as a tool to prevent crime in public spaces continues to expand, in particular among local governments (Iris Research Ltd 2005). Indeed, its popularity and use is not restricted solely to preventing crime. CCTV has been implemented for a range of purposes that includes use as an access control measure, as a method to reduce fear of crime and improve perceptions of community safety, to potentially detect crime and also to be an evidentiary tool (Allard, Wortley & Stewart 2006).
Alcohol has been a part of community life for many years. Most Western Australians, most of the time, consume alcohol in a responsible manner. However, as excess alcohol consumption has become a major problem in the community, the State Government must continue to try to legislate to reduce this harm. The State’s average consumption of alcohol is now at a similar level to that in Ireland. Some of the State’s regional consumption rates are the highest in the world.
In 2010, the Australian Alcohol Education and Research Foundation (AERF) released its report into the hidden harms associated with alcohol use. A key focus of that report was the not previously estimated, but tangible, costs of alcohol’s harm to others, which according to the authors amounted to a total of $14.2b annually.
On 11 March 2008, following a number of requests from the public and the media, the NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research (BOCSAR) published a ranked list of the top 1001 licensed premises for assaults occurring between January and September 2007. On 30 October 2008, new licence restrictions were imposed on the top 48 licensed premises on BOCSAR’s top 100 list.
The crackdown on violent pubs and clubs instigated after March 2008 has resulted in a large reduction in the number of assaults, not just on licensed premises but on other premises types as well, according to the NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research.
The impact of small changes in bar closing hours on violence. The Norwegian experience from 18 cities – Norwegian Institute for Alcohol and Drug Research
The fact that alcohol consumption plays a significant role for violent behaviour (1, 2) and that licensed premises are ‘hot spots’ for such behaviour (2-5) suggests that strategies to prevent heavy drinking in pubs and bars are particularly relevant for curbing violence. Violence in or around licensed premises varies significantly.
The association between alcohol outlet density and assaults on and around licensed premises – NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research
The NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research has published a sizeable body of research documenting the relationship between licensed premises and crime in NSW (e.g., Briscoe & Donnelly, 2001a; 2001b; 2003; Donnelly, Poynton, Weatherburn, Bamford, & Nottage, 2006; Fitzgerald, Mason, & Borzycki, 2010; Jones, Kypri, Moffatt, Borzycki, & Price, 2009; Moffatt, Mason, Borzycki, & Weatherburn, 2009). The research to date, however, has been limited to incidents recorded by police as actually occurring on licensed premises. Very little research has been undertaken in NSW into the contribution licensed premises make to alcohol-related violence outside licensed premises.
The National Alliance for Action on Alcohol (NAAA), a coalition of 32 major health and community organisations from across Australia, is today calling on state and territory governments to unite and support earlier closing times for pubs and clubs.
The Salvation Army’s annual Alcohol Awareness campaign looks this year at why people drink alcohol, have they tried to reduce the amount they are drinking and if they’ve been unsuccessful in that effort, why? New Roy Morgan Research being released by The Salvation Army on Monday, 13 September, concludes the consumption and misuse of alcohol remain major elements of the Australian way of life.
In August 2010, Roy Morgan Research was commissioned by the Salvation Army to conduct its annual research into alcohol awareness amongst the Australian community. In recent years this research has been conducted by Roy Morgan Research (except in 2007 when alcohol research was not undertaken by the Salvation Army). Each year the focus of the research is on different aspects of Australians’ awareness of issues associated with the consumption of alcohol.